U. Freedom to Read

                                                                                                                                                 Approved by Board 12-10-98



Freedom to Read


(revision adopted on January 28, 1972 by the ALA Council)


            The FREEDOM TO READ is guaranteed by the Constitution.  Those with


faith in free man will stand firm on these Constitutional guarantees of essential


rights and will exercise the responsibilities that accompany these rights.  We


therefore affirm these propositions:


            1.  It is in the public interest for publishers and librarians to make available the widest diversity of views and expressions, including those which are unorthodox or unpopular with the majority.


            2.  Publishers, librarians, and booksellers do not need to endorse every idea or presentation contained in the books they make available.  It would conflict with the public interest for them to establish their own political, moral, or aesthetic views as a standard for determining what books should be published or circulated.


            3.  It is contrary to the public interest for publishers or librarians to determine the acceptability of a book on the basis of the personal history or political affiliations of the author.


            4.  There is no place in our society for effort to coerce the taste of others , to confine adults to the reading matter deemed suitable for adolescents, or to inhibit the effort of writers to achieve artistic expressions.


            5.  It is not in the public interest to force a reader to accept with any book the prejudgment of a label characterizing the book or author as subversive or dangerous.


            6.  It is the responsibility of publishers and librarians, as guardians of the people’s freedom to read, to contest encroachments upon that freedom by individuals or groups seeking to impose their own standards or tastes upon the community at large.


            7.  It is the responsibility of publishers and librarians to give full meaning to read by providing books that enrich the quality and diversity of thought and expression.  By the exercise of the affirmative responsibility, book men can demonstrate that the answer to a bad book is a good one, the answer to a bad idea is a good one.